Malta: A Safe Haven for Online Gaming Operators in the EU


Welcome to our comprehensive guide on Malta’s efforts to pass a groundbreaking law that aims to shield its online gaming operators from prosecution within the European Union. In this article, we will delve into the context, implications, and potential impact of Bill 55 MGA, which has garnered significant attention in the iGaming industry.

Understanding the Legal Landscape

The iGaming industry operates within a complex framework of laws and regulations across various jurisdictions. Germany and Austria have recently intensified their crackdown on online gaming operators, prompting Malta to take proactive measures to protect operators licensed within its borders. Bill 55 MGA, an amendment to Malta’s Gaming Act, seeks to establish a legal mechanism that allows the country’s courts to ignore enforcement of foreign judgments, particularly those related to gaming law.

Balancing EU Law and National Interests

The European Union comprises member states with diverse interests and legal systems. While individual countries have sought to establish gaming monopolies within their own borders, EU courts face the challenge of striking a delicate balance between a member state’s right to protect its citizens and the principles of free trade and competition. This tension has given rise to debates over the interpretation and application of European Rule of Law.

Examining the Proposed Bill

The bill, introduced in Malta’s Parliament on April 24th, 2023, has drawn criticism from Austrian and German lawyers representing their respective countries. They argue that Bill 55 undermines European Rule of Law by impeding the fundamental rights of EU citizens and residents. One key legal principle that requires further examination is the right of member states to develop country-specific gaming legislation to safeguard their citizens from potential harm, including criminal activities.

The Principle of Free Movement of Goods

At the heart of the European Union’s internal market lies the principle of the free movement of goods, which aims to foster an area without internal borders and unjustified trade restrictions between member states. However, certain countries, such as Austria, have implemented laws that allow only one entity to provide online gaming services legally. In Austria’s case, this monopoly holder is Casinos Austria’s subsidiary, “win2day.” On the other hand, Germany has taken a strict approach, prosecuting unlicensed providers and recognizing only those licensed within their jurisdiction.

The Impact on Gaming Operators

Austrian lawyers have filed numerous cases against foreign gaming operators, resulting in claims totaling over €350 million over several decades. Many of these cases are still ongoing, with some being pursued as class actions. If passed and upheld by the EU courts, Bill 55 would effectively halt the collection of these claims, safeguarding the interests of gaming operators licensed in Malta.

The Controversy and European Union Intervention

German and Austrian lawyers are urging the European Commission to intervene and prevent the fast-tracking of Bill 55. They rely heavily on the Brussels I Recast Regulation, which addresses the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments within the European Union. The outcome of this intervention will have significant implications for the future of online gaming operators in Malta and the wider EU market.

The Importance of Online Gaming in Malta

For decades, Malta has been at the forefront of promoting electronic offshore gambling as a critical part of its economy. This commitment to the iGaming industry has played a significant role in its continued growth, even amidst the evolving landscape of the European Union. However, the chances of the all-encompassing nature of Bill 55 amendment standing unchallenged are doubtful. Should the bill be revised to focus solely on protecting gaming operators, its chances of success would be slim.


Malta’s proactive approach in passing Bill 55 MGA reflects its commitment to protecting its online gaming operators from prosecution within the European Union. The proposed law aims to establish a legal framework that strikes a balance between national interests and the principles of free trade and competition. As debates continue and the European Union assesses the legality of this measure, the outcome will undoubtedly shape the landscape of the iGaming industry and the jurisdictional dynamics within the EU.

Stay tuned for further updates on this evolving topic. For more news, guides, and insightful articles on the iGaming industry, visit our website.

Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Please consult with legal professionals for specific guidance on gaming regulations and laws.

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